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What is fecal incontinence?Also called bowel incontinence, fecal incontinence is the loss of bowel control that results in unexpected passage of stool. While living with this condition can feel socially isolating, improving diet and getting some daily exercise can help manage it.
Fecal incontinence causesFecal or bowel incontinence is often caused by one or more of the following:
- Constipation – this is the biggest cause of loss of bowel control in the elderly.
- Diarrhea, due to chronic diseases of the bowel, such as Crohn’s diseases, diverticulitis, or inflammatory bowel disease. It could also be due to medications, radiotherapy, alcohol, infection or some food allergies.
- Social and mobility issues such as inability to reach the toilet due to poor mobility, cognitive deficit or poor communication skills.
- Neurological Impairment associated with neurological diseases such as Stroke, Multiple Sclerosis or Parkinson’s disease. The nerve supply to the bowel can also be damaged due to Diabetes, spinal cord injuries, tumors or radiation therapy.
- Structural sphincter damage following injury, surgery or complicated childbirth.
- Other causes may include Cancer, Rectal prolapse, Anal Fissure or Hemorrhoids.